Financial Planning Basics: Creating and Maintaining a Budget
Whether you’re earning a six-figure salary or just out of college, many people feel budgeting is essential. Especially with the current economic climate, having a budget that you stick to may help keep spending under control, improve your savings, help you plan for retirement or other future goals, and keep debt manageable.
In many cases, creating the budget is the easy part, but actually using the budget is more challenging. To stick to your plan, consider changing your mindset around budgeting, and think of it as another tool you can use to pursue your financial goals.
So how do you create a functioning budget you can use for the coming months and years? Here are a few ideas:
You don’t have to accept the default categories that budgeting templates offer. If you enjoy dinners out more than travel, you may want to include dining out as a category. If your interests change down the road, you can always add or change your categories to fit your lifestyle.
Consider One-Off and Incidental Expenses
While you may be aware of what you’re spending on your bills, clothing, or entertainment, unexpected expenses can potentially derail your budget if not adequately accounted for. Things like emergency trips to the vet, a sudden school expense, or a replacement vehicle if your car suddenly dies. These things happen, and to account for them, you should include them in any budget you create.
Include Realistic Income Projections
When budgeting your income, it should be the income you know or reasonably expect to earn. Avoid estimating commissions you could earn, a potential year-end bonus that you may or may not receive, or income from a side job you intend to start, but haven’t yet. Aim only to include the income that you are actually earning.
Create an “Actual” Column
At the end of each month, try taking some time to enter all of your actual expenses and compare them to your budgeted amount. If you’re under, great! If not, see if there are ways to adjust your budget, or scale back your spending.
Review and Revise
Like everything in life, things change from year to year, sometimes day to day. Regularly review your budget so that it reflects your current situation, goals, and preferred lifestyle. Be open to making changes, adding or removing categories, or even adjusting budgeted amounts.
This material has been prepared by a third party that is unaffiliated with Townsend Asset Management Corp. and is provided for informational purposes only. Townsend considers this third-party source and information to be reliable, but its accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed. It may not represent the views of Townsend or its affiliates. It should not be considered a recommendation to purchase or sell any particular security. Past performance should not be relied on as an indicator of future results. All investing assumes a certain degree of risk, including loss of principal. Townsend has obtained permission to distribute this material. Townsend Asset Management Corp. is an independent investment adviser registered under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended. Registration does not imply a certain level of skill or training. More information about the firm can be found in its Form ADV Part 2, which is available upon request. TAM-22-67